African Americans in Wisconsin
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During the years 2001-2005, the five leading causes of death
among African Americans in
were cancer, heart disease, unintentional injury, stroke, and homicide.
Cancer caused 22 percent of African American deaths in
, and heart disease caused 21 percent.
African Americans in
have higher rates of hospitalization and death from heart disease, compared
to the total
In 2001-2005, the age-adjusted mortality rate from heart
disease was 252 deaths per 100,000 population among African Americans,
compared to 202 per 100,000 in the total
Both male and female African Americans have higher rates of
heart disease mortality and hospitalization compared to their counterparts in
the total population.
African Americans bear a disproportionate share of the burden
of HIV/AIDS in
. African Americans accounted for 37.3 percent of new cases of HIV infection
while making up about 6 percent of the
During the 2001-2005 period, African Americans accounted for
31.7 percent of newly reported cases of HIV infection among males and 57.8
percent of new cases among females.
The rate of new HIV infections in African Americans (34.1 cases
per 100,000 population) was eleven times the rate in whites (3.0 per
An estimated 29 percent of African American adults in
based on survey results for 2001-2005. This was significantly higher than the
percentage who reported smoking in the total adult population (22%).
Blacks reported lower levels of alcohol use than the total
population. For example, 16 percent of black adults reported binge drinking
compared to 24 percent of the total adult population in
; this difference was statistically significant.
African Americans were also more likely to be overweight or
obese: 70 percent, compared to 60 percent of the total population.
Based on Wisconsin Family Health Survey results for 2001-2005,
African Americans were less likely than the total population to have health
insurance at any given point in time. Eighty-seven percent of African
Americans, compared with 93 percent of the total
population, said they had some form of health insurance at the time of the
Conversely, the percent reported to be uninsured at the time of
the survey interview was higher among African Americans (13%) than in the
total population (6%).
Another measure of health insurance coverage is coverage over
the year preceding the survey interview (coverage over “the past year”).
Eight percent of African Americans were uninsured for all of the past year;
this is double the percentage uninsured all year in the total state
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- Minority Health Report, 2001-2005.
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April 21, 2014