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Wisconsin Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program

Cardiovascular Facts for Wisconsin

In 2005, more than 34% of all Wisconsin deaths (15,892) were due to Cardiovascular Disease. This includes 7,608 deaths due to coronary (ischemic) heart disease, 1,440 to congestive heart failure, and 2,952 to stroke. CVD is the leading cause of death among men and women of all racial and ethnic groups. Annually, CVD causes more deaths than cancer, AIDS, automobile crashes, domestic abuse and alcohol abuse combined. In Wisconsin, the estimated annual total cost of CVD in 2005 was $7.5 billion* or over $1000 for every man, women and child in Wisconsin. Total costs include direct costs (health care, provider visits, hospital and nursing home services, medications, home care) and indirect costs (lost productivity). The burden is higher among minority populations. Wisconsin Heart Disease and Stroke Surveillance Summary Update 2007 - P-43040 (PDF, 2.2 MB) and Yearly updates and trends of major CVDs (PDF, 25 KB) from 1990 through 2004 are also available.

The 2010 version of the Burden: The Burden of Heart Disease and Stroke in Wisconsin 2010 P-43040 (PDF, 3.4 MB)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes a variety of heart and blood vessel diseases, such as heart attack (coronary artery disease), high blood pressure (hypertension), congestive heart failures, and brain attack (stroke). Heart Disease is the number one cause of death, and Stroke is the number three cause of death in Wisconsin and the United States.

Much of the health and economic burden of cardiovascular disease can be prevented and controlled. If individuals control their blood pressure and blood cholesterol, quit smoking, increase their physical activity, maintain a normal body weight and eat a healthy diet, heart disease can be prevented. For information regarding Physical Activity and Nutrition, visit the Cardiovascular Health Links page.

* Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-- 2005 Update. Dallas, TX, American Heart Association

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Last Revised: March 27, 2014