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Health Counts in Wisconsin
Infant Health 1995

Wisconsin residents had 67,493 live births in 1995. Almost all births (99 percent) occurred in hospitals. The number of home births was 778. M.D. physicians attended 93 percent of all resident births, D.O. physicians 3 percent, and certified nurse midwives 4 percent. The information presented below is drawn from the Wisconsin Resident Birth and Death Statistical Files maintained by the Center for Health Statistics.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

1995

1990

1985

  • Total live births:
67,493 72,636 73,647
  • Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 population):
13.2 14.8 15.4
  • Births by mother's age:
<20 7,110 7,410 7,488
20-24 14,874 17,477 22,021
25-29 20,374 24,956 25,693
30-34 17,442 16,626 14,170
35-39 6,612 5,393 3,769
40+ 1,074 768 505
  • Birth rates by mother's age (births per 1,000 females in age group):
<20 38.8 43.3 39.4
20-24 88.7 96.2 101.9
25-29 115.4 123.7 117.3
30-34 85.4 78.6 67.2
35-39 30.7 27.9 22.3
40+ 5.4 4.6 3.6
  • Percent of births by delivery type:
Vaginal delivery 81% 80% 80%
Vaginal birth after cesarean 3% 3% na
Cesarean section 15% 18% 17%
 

RACE ETHNICITY
(Based on race/ethnicity of mother)

1995 1990 1985
  • Percent of all births:
White 82% 84% 89%
Black 10% 10% 7%
American Indian 1% 1% 1%
Lao/Hmong 2% * *
Hispanic 4% 3% 1%
 

BIRTHS TO TEENAGERS
(Ages 15-19)

1995 1990 1985
  • Number of births:
6,928 7,262 7,365
  • Percent of all births:
10% 10% 10%
 

NON-MARITAL BIRTHS

1995 1990 1985
  • Number of births:
18,420 17,615 13,346
  • Percent of all births:
27% 24% 18%
  • Percent of births that were non-marital among:
White 20% 17% 13%
Black 83% 81% 75%
American Indian 68% 65% 57%
Lao/Hmong 12% * *
Hispanic 45% 42% 36%
  • Percent of births that were non-marital among mothers <20:
84% 80% 67%

*There are no comparable 1985 or 1990 data for Laotian/Hmong group.

 

LOW BIRTHWEIGHT
(Less than 2,500 grams or 5.5 pounds)

Percent of low birthweight births among:
1995 1990 1985
All births 6.0% 5.9% 5.3%
White 5.1% 4.9% 4.6%
Black 13.8% 14.3% 13.1%
American Indian 4.7% 5.4% 5.1%
Lao/Hmong 6.5% * *
Hispanic 6.2% 6.7% 6.8%
Mothers <20 8.9% 9.3% 8.4%
 

PRENATAL CARE

  • Percent of births in which prenatal care started in the first trimester of pregnancy among:
1995 1990 1985
All births 83% 82% 83%
White 87% 86% 85%
Black 65% 59% 64%
American Indian 65% 64% 60%
Lao/Hmong 39% * *
Hispanic 69% 66% 65%
Birthweight <2,500 grams 79% 74% 77%
Mothers <20 66% 59% 60%
 

INFANT MORTALITY
(Deaths per 1,000 live births)

1995 1990 1985
Overall infant mortality rate: 7.3 8.4 9.2
White 6.2 7.2 8.4
Black 17.9 19.7 17.5
Infant mortality rate among births with:
Low birthweight 69.8 74.5 91.0
Late or no prenatal care 16.5 21.4 19.4
Mothers <20 12.0 14.6 16.4
Maternal smoking 11.0 13.2 na
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Resident data. Data in these tables include Wisconsin resident births and infant deaths, regardless of the state of occurrence.
Sources. Live birth data are from birth certificate statistical files. Infant death data are from a file of the year's resident infant deaths (death certificate data) with birth certificate information matched.
Race/Ethnicity. Live births and infant deaths are classified by race or Hispanic ethnicity of mother, which are birth certificate items. The race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive; thus Hispanics are not included in any other race/ethnicity group. Part of the increase in the number of Hispanic births from 1985 to 1990 was due to a birth certificate reporting format change implemented in 1989.
Delivery Type. Information on vaginal birth after cesarean was first collected in 1989.
Birth rates for age groups. The <20 birth rate is based on the 15-19 population. The 40+ birth rate is based on the 40-44 population.
Infant mortality. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths per thousand live births. An infant death is a death occurring to a live-born individual less than one year of age.
Late or no prenatal care. This is defined as prenatal care started in the third trimester of pregnancy, or no prenatal care.
Prepared as part of the Wisconsin
Information for State Health Policy Program
1997

Last Revised: March 01, 2013