What is Strabismus?
Strabismus is the vision condition where the eyes
are misaligned. Different types of strabismus include crossed eyes (esotropia,
the most common type in children), out-turned eyes (exotropia), or
vertical misalignment (hyper or hypotropia). The problem may be
present intermittently or constantly. Treatment options depend upon
the type of strabismus, and may include glasses, prism lenses, and/or
The significance of strabismus includes two
- Amblyopia ex anopsia or "lazy eye"
- Cosmetic handicap
Amblyopia is a significant public health matter
and is directly related to strabismus in small children. Parents should
have their children's vision checked by a professional before four years
of age or immediately at any age if there are any questions regarding the
child's performance or appearance.
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
(AAPOS) (exit DHS)
P.O. Box 193832
San Francisco, CA 94119-3832
Phone: (415) 561-8505
Fax: (415) 561-8531
Understanding Strabismus: Optometrists
Network (exit DHS)
June 21, 2012