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Wisconsin Department of Health Services

Communicable  Diseases Subjects A-Z



Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Disease Reporting

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

Enterobacteriaceae is a family of bacteria commonly found in the human gut. There are several species of bacteria within the Enterobacteriaceae family, which include but are not limited to Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, Citrobacter and Yersinia. Many species of Enterobacteriaceae are necessary for digestion and are usually harmless when contained in the gut.

CRE stands for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Specifically, three species of the Enterobacteriaceae family - Klebsiella, Enterobacter and Escherichia - have developed resistance to a group of antibiotics called carbapenems.  Carbapenems are often used as the last line of treatment when other antibiotics are not effective in treating Enterobacteriaceae infections.

General information


Information for health professionals

Wisconsin CRE prevention policies and procedures

Information for local health departments

Additional resources

Antibiotic resistance home

HAI prevention home


Wisconsin Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies

Gwen Borlaug, Infection Control Epidemiologist
Wisconsin Division of Public Health 
Bureau of Communicable Diseases
(Phone 608-267-7711)  (Fax 608-261-4976)

Last Revised: August 05, 2014