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Disease Reporting

Fight the Bite sloganYellow fever

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Yellow fever is a viral disease that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Yellow fever occurs worldwide, in tropical regions of Africa and in parts of South America, but travel related cases are rarely reported in the United States. The last epidemic of yellow fever in North America occurred in New Orleans in 1905. Onset of illness usually ranges from 3-6days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Symptoms of illness can be mild with acute onset of fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and vomiting to severe hemorrhagic fever, kidney and liver failure. Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination prior to traveling to endemic areas.

Arboviral diseases home

General information

Yellow fever fact sheet - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 
Information for travelers 
Yellow fever vaccine information - CDC
 

Prevention

Yellow fever prevention - CDC 
Yellow fever vaccination information - Wisconsin Immunization Program

Data and Statistics

National Yellow fever data - CDC

Information for health professionals

This is a Wisconsin Disease Surveillance Category I disease:
Report IMMEDIATELY by TELEPHONE to the patient's local public health department upon identification of a confirmed or suspected case. The local health department shall then notify the state epidemiologist immediately of any confirmed or suspected cases. Submit a case report within 24 hours submit a case report electronically through the Wisconsin Electronic Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail or fax using an Acute and Communicable Disease Case Report F44151 or by other means. 
Information on Communicable Disease Reporting

Wisconsin case reporting and public health follow-up guidelines Arboviral diseases EpiNet 
Arbovirus case report form
2013 Arbovirus management protocol  

Yellow fever certification for vaccination 
Yellow fever information for health care providers - CDC
 
Yellow fever diagnostic testing - CDC - Laboratory guidance

Additional resources

Yellow fever resources - CDC 

Contacts

Wisconsin Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies

Diep Hoang Johnson Vectorborne Disease Epidemiologist
Wisconsin Division of Public Health 
Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response
(Phone 608-267-0249)  (Fax 608-261-4976)

Last Revised: March 04, 2014