Infection control and prevention
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Principles and practices for local public health
The purpose of this site is to assist local public health agencies in
designing infection control and prevention programs that will reduce the
risk of communicable disease transmission among employees and clients
during delivery of public health services to the community.
Infection control and prevention is a set of practices designed to
reduce transmission of communicable diseases among patients, health care
workers, and visitors in a variety of health care settings. Such
practices include hand hygiene, use of personal protective equipment,
environmental cleaning and disinfection, waste management, cough
etiquette, and other engineering and work practice controls that help
reduce infectious disease transmission.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are the main
authorities on health care worker infection control programs. Although
CDC is not a regulatory agency and has no enforcement authority, its
recommendations have become standards in the health care industry and
should be observed when applicable.
OSHA standards cover all employees except self employed and
government workers. State and local government employees in Wisconsin
are covered under the Wisconsin Department of Commerce which serves as
the enforcement agency for all OSHA standards.
- Practices for selected
diseases (PDF, 40 KB)
- Table of specific infection control measures, such as
isolation, quarantine, and types of personal protective
equipment used for commonly encountered communicable diseases
and potential bioterrorism agents.
- Precautions for
syndromes (PDF, 19 KB)
- Conditions or symptoms that require empiric use of
precautions until etiologic agents are confirmed or ruled out.
Gwen Borlaug, Infection Control Epidemiologist
Wisconsin Division of Public Health
Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response
(Phone 608-267-7711) (Fax 608-261-4976)
Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies
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January 16, 2013