(mono, Epstein-Barr virus, EBV mononucleosis)
Infectious mononucleosis is an acute viral disease most commonly
caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It is not a reportable disease
in Wisconsin and the number of cases is unknown.
While most people are exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus sometime in
their lives, as few as 50% will develop the symptoms of infectious
mononucleosis. In developed countries such as the United States, the age
of first exposure may be delayed until older childhood and young
adulthood when symptoms are more likely to result. For this reason, it
is recognized more often in high school and college students.
The virus is spread by person-to-person contact, via saliva (on
hands, toys, or by kissing).
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June 13, 2012