Tularemia, a disease that can affect both animals and humans, is
caused by a bacteria, Francisella tularensis. Although many wild
animals are infected, (hares, rabbits, squirrels, muskrats, beavers,
deer), occasionally certain domestic animals can be infected (sheep and
cats). The rabbit is the species most often involved in disease
outbreaks. The bacteria can also be found in ticks and deerflies.
Tularemia in humans is relatively rare in Wisconsin, averaging less than
one case per year since 1980.
Hunters, trappers or other people who spend a great deal of time out
of doors are at a greater risk of exposure to tularemia than people
with other occupational or recreational interests.
fact sheet (PDF, 21 KB) Hmong (PDF,
21 KB) Spanish (PDF,
Information for health professionals
Wisconsin case reporting and public health follow-up guidelines: Tularemia
EpiNet (PDF, 35 KB)
Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies
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December 11, 2012