Typhoid fever is a serious illness caused by the
bacterium Salmonella Typhi. In addition to a sustained fever,
clinical symptoms include headache, weakness, and abdominal pain. Some
patients develop a rash of flat, rose-colored spots.
Salmonella Typhi is transmitted by the fecal-oral
route and is shed in the feces of ill persons and carriers (recovered
In the U.S. about 400 cases occur
annually, and 70% of these are acquired while traveling internationally.
Typhoid fever is still common in developing countries and affects about
12.5 million persons each year. Travelers to a country where typhoid is
common should consider vaccination prior to travel.
fever fact sheet -
Typhoid fever information (Exit
Information for health professionals
This is a Wisconsin Disease Surveillance Category II disease:
the patient's local public health department electronically, through the Wisconsin
Electronic Disease Surveillance System
(WEDSS), by mail or fax using an Acute and Communicable Disease Case
Report F-44151 or by other means within 72 hours
upon recognition of a case.
Information on Communicable Disease Reporting
Wisconsin case reporting and public health follow-guidance: Typhoid
CDC Typhoid-Paratyphoid fever surveillance report (Exit
Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies
March 04, 2014