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Wisconsin Department of Health Services

Communicable  Diseases Subjects A-Z



Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Disease Reporting

Typhoid fever

(Salmonella Typhi)

Typhoid fever is a serious illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. In addition to a sustained fever, clinical symptoms include headache, weakness, and abdominal pain. Some patients develop a rash of flat, rose-colored spots.

Salmonella Typhi is  transmitted by the fecal-oral route and is shed in the feces of ill persons and carriers (recovered patients). 

In the U.S. about 400 cases occur annually, and 70% of these are acquired while traveling internationally. Typhoid fever is still common in developing countries and affects about 12.5 million persons each year. Travelers to a country where typhoid is common should consider vaccination prior to travel.

General information

Typhoid fever fact sheet - Hmong - Spanish
CDC Typhoid fever information (Exit DHS)     

Information for health professionals

This is a Wisconsin disease surveillance category II disease: 
Report to the patient's local public health department electronically, through the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail or fax using an Acute and Communicable Disease case report F-44151 or by other means within 72 hours upon recognition of a case.
Information on communicable disease reporting

Wisconsin case reporting and public health follow-guidance: Typhoid fever EpiNet   
CDC Typhoid-Paratyphoid fever surveillance report (Exit DHS) 


Wisconsin Local Health Departments - Regional offices - Tribal agencies

Last Revised: March 04, 2014