|FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
September 28, 2012
CONTACT: Claire Smith, (608) 266-1683
STATE HEALTH OFFICIALS RAISE AWARENESS ABOUT RABIES PREVENTION STEPS
Minimal Exposure to Rabid Bats Can Lead to Infection;
World Rabies Day is September 28
MADISON—As temperatures drop and bats and other animals seek shelter
indoors, state health officials are encouraging people to take steps to
minimize potential exposure to rabies. Wisconsin is home to at least
eight bat species, and some make their homes in man-made structures,
increasing the chance for accidental exposure to people, and between
bats and other animals.
“On World Rabies Day we encourage Wisconsin residents to learn ways
to avoid rabies virus infection,” said Dr. Henry Anderson, State Health
Officer. “It may seem an unlikely possibility, but even people with very
minor exposures to bats have contracted rabies.”
People who have had any possibility of physical contact with a bat,
even without a known bite, should have the animal safely captured and
held until a public health official or a physician can be consulted,
Anderson said. This way, health officials can determine if a bat is
infected and whether the individuals exposed to them require rabies
vaccinations. About 3 to 4 percent of bats tested by the Wisconsin State
Laboratory of Hygiene are infected with the rabies virus. Skunks also
spread the virus, and domestic animals in urban and rural areas can
become infected from exposure to these wild animals.
There have been three cases of human rabies in Wisconsin since 2000;
between 2006 and 2010, 123 wild animals and two domestic pets were
diagnosed with rabies. Worldwide, some 55,000 people die from rabies
virus infection annually, mainly in Asia and Africa. With appropriate
medical care, rabies is a 100 percent preventable human disease.
In addition to avoiding contact with bats, experts recommend the
following measures to minimize exposure to rabies:
- Vaccinate pet dogs, cats, ferrets and livestock against rabies.
- Enforce leash laws and contact local associations if help is
needed to shelter and find homes for stray dogs and cats.
- Stay away from all wild animals, especially those acting
- Teach children not to approach any unfamiliar animals.
- Do not keep exotic or wild animals as pets.
- Keep screens in good repair and close any small opening bats
- Individuals traveling to developing countries where rabies is
highly prevalent, or who are at ongoing risk of possible rabies
exposure, such as veterinarians and animal control officers, should
ask their doctor about receiving pre-exposure rabies vaccinations.
To learn more about rabies:
For information on World Rabies Day:
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May 12, 2014