Retinopathy of Prematurity

What is Retinopathy of Prematurity ?

Retinopathy of Prematurity is abnormal growth of blood vessels in a baby's eye. Retinopathy of Prematurity is typically found in babies born more than 12 weeks early. In development, blood vessels grow from the back central part of the eye out toward the edges. This process is completed just a few weeks before the normal time of delivery. In premature babies this process is not complete. If blood vessel growth proceeds normally, the baby does not develop Retinopathy of Prematurity. If the vessels grow and branch abnormally the baby has Retinopathy of Prematurity. Retinopathy of Prematurity carries a high risk of blindness and is, in fact, a leading cause of childhood blindness.


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Understanding Retinopathy of Prematurity

Last Revised: January 9, 2018