Alcohol and drugs: disparities and resources
According to the most recent National Survey on Drug Use and Health, about 8% of Americans use illegal drugs, and 20% of Americans binge drink. Data from Wisconsin indicate that the rate of alcohol and drug use among the LGBT community may be even higher.
Cancer: disparities and resources
While existing data about the rates of cancer in the LGBT population are limited, researchers speculate that LGBT persons are at high risk for some cancers and cancer-related adverse health outcomes.
HIV/AIDS: disparities and resources
Since the HIV/AIDS epidemic began in the 1980's, it has received much of the information, funding, and resources directed towards LGBT health in the United States. While there has been great progress in the prevention of HIV transmission and in the care of those living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS infection still remains a substantial health concern in the LGBT community.
Mental health: disparities and resources
The World Health Organization estimates that by the year 2020, mental illness will be second leading cause of disability and death worldwide. Data from Wisconsin indicate that LGBT people are particularly vulnerable to experiencing adverse mental health conditions.
Sexual health: disparities and resources
According to the World Health Organization, sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality. Optimal sexual health requires the ability of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. However, evidence from Wisconsin indicates that the state's LGBT youth may not have the same potential for positive sexual development as their peers.
Tobacco: disparities and resources
The American Cancer Society estimates that 21% of Americans smoke, with tobacco accounting for nearly 1 in 5 deaths nationwide and cigarette smoking for at least 30% of all cancer deaths nationwide. Data from Wisconsin indicate that LGBT youth may be particularly susceptible to tobacco use.
Violence and safety: disparities and resources
Violence is a significant issue in the LGBT community. Statistics demonstrate that LGBT people are among the most frequent victims of hate crimes and violence; these crimes occur in many settings, including schools and colleges, the armed services, jails and prisons, homes, work places, and public places.