Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Public Health Nursing: The Public Health Intervention Wheel

Public health nurses and other public health professionals work collaboratively with communities to create environments that promote health and prevent disease and disability. They use an ecological approach to respond to the needs of the communities and are proactive in program and policy development to enhance the health of populations.

Public health nurses use the Nursing Intervention Wheel to define the scope of public health nursing practice by the type of intervention and the level of practice. Regardless of the site or the population, this core set of interventions represents public health nursing as a specialty practice of nursing. This online version of this Public Health Intervention Wheel enhances the original wheel by using visual representations of the interventions by level of intervention in the everyday practice of public health nursing.

Public Health Intervention Wheel and Applications for Nursing Practice, University of Minnesota School of Public Health

The Minnesota Model ("The Intervention Wheel") depicts the use of these public health interventions at the various levels of practice. This model is the basis for the framework of the SPHERE (Secure Public Health Electronic Record Environment) system in Wisconsin. 

Last revised February 14, 2022