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Wisconsin Department of Health Services

Communicable  Diseases Subjects A-Z
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AIDS/HIV

Immunization

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Tuberculosis
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Disease Reporting

Communicable diseases

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host. Infections may range in severity from asymptomatic (without symptoms) to severe and fatal. The term infection does not have the same meaning as infectious disease because some infections do not cause illness in a host.

Disease causing biologic agents include viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and aberrant proteins known as prions. Transmission of these biologic agents can occur in a variety of ways, including direct physical contact with an infectious person, consuming contaminated foods or beverages, contact with contaminated body fluids, contact with contaminated inanimate objects, airborne (inhalation), or being bitten by an infected insect or tick. Some disease agents can be transmitted from animals to humans, and some of these agents can be transmitted in more than one way.

Statewide communicable disease surveillance and control activities in Wisconsin are coordinated by the Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response.

The Wisconsin Childhood Communicable Diseases wall chart, (PDF, 510 KB) with exclusion criteria, is now available for viewing. It is not in a printer friendly format, but will be reformatted in early 2015 for easy electronic viewing and printing. To order the wall chart, fill out form F80025a and email it to the person highlighted at the bottom of the form.

For information about specific communicable disease subjects, see the list below.

Communicable disease subjects A-Z

B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I   J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z   

A     

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)    
AIDS/HIV Program    
Amebiasis    
Anaplasmosis
    
Animal bites   
Anthrax
Antibiotic (Antimicrobial) resistant organisms (ARO)
 
Arboviral diseases    

  Back to top   

Babesiosis (Babesia infection)    
Bacterial meningitis    
Baylisascaris procyonis (raccoon roundworm)    
Bed bugs (Cimex lectulaius)   
Bioterrorism (possible incident)    
Blastomycosis    
Body lice (Pediculosis/Phthiriasis)
    
Botulism          
Brucellosis

C   Back to top

CA-MRSA (Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)  
California serogroup viruses   
Campylobacteriosis 
Cat-scratch disease       
Chancroid (sexually transmitted)    
Chickenpox (varicella)    
Chikungunya fever 
Childhood communicable diseases and daycare exclusion criteria pamphlet (PDF, 1040 KB)
Chlamydia trachomatis infection    
Cholera       
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)    
Clostridium perfringens
    
Coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever)   

Cover your cough (Exit DHS) 
CRE (Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae) 
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD or TSE)    
Cryptosporidiosis       
Cyclosporiasis    
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)    

D   Back to top

Daycare Exclusion Criteria (with Childhood Communicable Diseases) pamphlet (PDF, 1040 KB)
Dengue fever
    
Diphtheria    
Disease reporting    

E   Back to top

Ebola virus disease (EVD)
E. coli 0157:H7 infections   
E. coli - shiga toxin producing (STEC)  
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE)       
Ehrlichiosis
     
Enteroviruses (EV-D68)
EpiNet - Complete version Note: This is a large file allow time for download  

F   Back to top

Fifth disease    
"Flesh-eating" bacteria (Necrotizing fasciitis)   
Flu (influenza) 
Flu (influenza) - Wisconsin's flu resource (Exit DHS)  
Food poisoning    
Food safety
(Exit DHS)
Foodborne and Waterborne Disease Outbreak Investigation Manual     

G   Back to top

German measles (Rubella)   
Giardia infection (Giardiasis)
    
Gonorrhea    
Group A streptococcal infections (GAS)    
Group B streptococcal infections (GBS)    

H   Back to top

Haemophilus influenzae, including type b (Hib)   
Hand, foot and mouth disease    
Hand washing (hand hygiene)    
Hantavirus    
Head lice (Pediculosis)    
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)
Healthcare-associated infection prevention - National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN)
Healthcare-associated infection prevention - Surgical site infections (SSIs)      
Hemolytic Uremic syndrome (HUS)       
Hepatitis A virus infection    
Hepatitis B virus infection    
Hepatitis C Program
Hepatitis C virus infection   
Hepatitis D virus infection    
Hepatitis E virus infection 
Herpes (genital) (Exit DHS)  
Herpes zoster (Shingles)    
Histoplasmosis    
HIV infection (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)    
Hookworm infection    

I   Back to top

Immunization coalitions in Wisconsin     
Immunizations (Wisconsin Immunization program)
  
Impetigo   
Infection control     
Influenza (flu) 
Influenza (flu) - Wisconsin's flu resource (Exit DHS) 
Invasive bacteria    

J  Back to top

Jamestown Canyon virus (California serogroup) 

K   Back to top

Kawasaki syndrome    

L   Back to top

La Crosse encephalitis (California serogroup)    
Legionnaires' disease, Pontiac fever (Legionellosis)    
Leprosy    
Leptospirosis   
Listeriosis  
Lockjaw (Tetanus)    
Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi infection)       
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV / LCV)    

M   Back to top

Malaria    
Measles    
Meningitis    
Meningococcal disease (Neisseria meningitidis)  
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)   
Monkeypox    
Mononucleosis, infectious (mono) (Epstein-Barr virus EBV)    
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)    
Mumps    
Mycobacterial, atypical non-tuberculosis   

N   Back to top

Necrotizing fasciitis ("Flesh-eating" bacteria)    
Norovirus (previously known as Norwalk virus)    

P   Back to top

Pediculosis/Phthiriasis (body lice)    
Pediculosis/Phthiriasis (head lice)     
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) sexually transmitted
    
Pertussis (Whooping cough)    
Plague (Yersinia pestis infection)    
Plesiomonas shigelliodes    
Pneumococcal disease (Streptococcus pneumoniae)    
Polio (Poliomyelitis infection)
    
Powassan virus    
Prion diseases (TSE or CJD)       
Pseudomonas folliculitis    
Psittacosis    

Q   Back to top   

Q Fever    

R   Back to top

Rabies    
Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis)    
Refugee health    
Reptile-associated salmonellosis 
Reporting
    
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)    
Reye syndrome  
Rheumatic fever    
Ricin poisoning   
Rickettsiosis    
Ringworm    
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF)      
Rotavirus    
Rubella (German measles)   

S   Back to top

Saint Louis encephalitis (SLE)
Salmonella infection (Salmonellosis)  
Salmonella Typhi
(Typhoid fever)    
Scabies    
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS or SARS-CoV)    
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) bacterial (other than HIV)   
Sexually transmitted diseases - Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT)   
Shiga toxin-producing E-coli (STEC)    
Shigellosis    
Shingles (Herpes zoster)    
Smallpox infection 
Spotted fever rickettsiosis, including RMSF
Spring seminars 2014
Streptococcal infections (strep)    
Streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat)    
Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, including invasive    
Swimmer’s itch (Cercarial dermatitis)    
Syphilis

T   Back to top

Tetanus (Lockjaw)    
Tickborne diseases     
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS)    
Toxoplasmosis    
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE, CJD)    
Trichinosis    
Tuberculosis (TB)    
Tularemia    
Typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi) 
Typhus fever   

V   Back to top

Vaccine information - adults   
Vaccine information - children
Vaccine information - safety    
Vaccine information - school requirements   
Vaccine preventable diseases  
Vaccines for children (VFC)  
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)    
Varicella (Chickenpox)    
Vibriosis non-cholera    
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (Ebola, Crimean-Congo, Lassa, Marburg viruses)  
Viral hepatitis infection    
Viral meningitis   
VISA VRSA (vancomycin-intermediate/resistant Staphylococcus aureus)   

W   Back to top

West Nile virus (WNV) 
Western equine encephalitis (WEE)  
Whooping cough (Pertussis)    
Wisconsin AIDS/HIV program notes    
Wisconsin Epi Express   
Wisconsin Hepatitis C program   
Wisconsin Immunization billing manual (for Local health departments) 
Wisconsin Immunization program  
Wisconsin Immunization Registry (WIR) 
Wisconsin State Health Plan: Healthiest Wisconsin 2020   

Y   Back to top   

Yellow fever
Yellow fever - Vaccine center certification    
Yersiniosis    

Last Revised: September 10, 2014