the Lead-Free/Lead-Safe Registry
the Lead-Safe/Lead-Free Property Registry
About the Lead-Free/Lead-Safe
The Lead-Free/Lead-Safe Registry is a listing of housing
(single-family and apartments) and child-occupied facilities such as day
cares, that meet the lead-free or lead-safe property standards
established by rule. The Lead-Free/Lead-Safe Registry is maintained by
the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS, or the
The lead-free standard is met when no lead paint is present anywhere
on the interior of the building or unit, or the exterior of the
property, or, in any common areas if a rental property. The lead-safe
standard is met when no lead-based paint hazards are present on
the interior of the building or unit, or the exterior of the property,
or, any common areas if a rental building. A lead hazard is present if
lead-based paint is deteriorated (chipping, flaking, peeling, chalking,
or cracked), or is present on friction or impact surfaces such as
windows, doors, drawers, and floors where it is subject to friction,
abrasion or rubbing.
How to enter the Lead-Free Registry
Property may receive a Lead-Free Certificate and be entered into the
Registry if a lead-free inspection determines no lead-based paint is
present. The first step is to hire a certified lead risk assessor
to conduct a lead inspection. Owners are
responsible for the cost of the inspection including covering the cost
of the $50 registration fee.
Lead inspections include surface by surface testing throughout the
property to determine the presence or absence of lead-based paint. The
property owner should have some idea if the property is likely to meet
the standards for lead-free (or lead-safe) certification and the lead
professional should talk to the owner about the likelihood of lead-based
paint being found on the property before beginning work.
Generally, the older the property, the more likely it is that
lead-based paint will be found. Properties built after 1960 are less
likely to contain lead-based paint than those built before 1960. Nearly
all properties built before 1930 in Wisconsin contain some lead-based
paint, either on the exterior or interior, or both. A property that is
not eligible for a lead-free certificate may still qualify for a
lead-safe certificate if all paint is in good condition and windows have
been replaced or treated to eliminate lead hazards.
If the inspection finds no lead-based paint on the property, the
inspection information will be entered into the Departmentís online
database, called the Wisconsin Asbestos and Lead Database Online, or
WALDO. The Department reviews the submitted information and confirms the
property is eligible for a lead-free certificate. WALDO then assigns a
unique registration number to the property and it is entered into the
Registry as a certified lead-free property.
How to enter the Lead-Safe Registry
Property may receive a Lead-Safe Certificate and be entered into the
Registry if a lead-safe investigation determines no lead-based paint
hazard is present. The first step is to hire a certified lead
professional (lead hazard investigator or
risk assessor) to conduct a lead investigation. Owners are responsible
for the cost of the investigation including covering the cost of the $25
Lead-safe investigations include a full visual inspection of the
interior and exterior of the property to look for deteriorated paint,
painted friction and impact surfaces such as windows, doors, hard floors
and stairs, as well as sampling for lead dust hazards, and limited paint
sampling or testing. To save money, the property owner should have some
idea if the property is in good condition and likely to meet a lead-safe
standard before hiring the professional to conduct the investigation.
Lead-safe certificates come in various lengths of validity, from
9-months to 20-years, depending on the location of the lead-based paint
on the property. Generally, lead-based paint on friction and impact
surfaces such as windows and floors only qualifies for shorter
certificates while lead-based paint in good condition on ceilings and
walls or fully enclosed will qualify for longer lead-safe certificate
If the lead-safe investigation finds no lead-based paint hazard on
the property, the investigation information will be entered into the
Departmentís online database, called the Wisconsin Asbestos and Lead
Database Online, or WALDO. The Department reviews the submitted
information and confirms the property is eligible for a lead-safe
certificate. WALDO then assigns a unique registration number to the
property and it is entered into the Registry as a certified lead-safe
Certificate of lead-free or lead-safe status
After the Department confirms eligibility, the lead professional
issues the appropriate certificate of lead-free or lead-safe status to
the property owner. The certificate lists the following information:
- Effective Date: This date designates when the property was
determined by DHS to meet the registered lead-free property
standards under section HFS 163.41, Wis. Administrative Code, or the
lead-safe property standard under section HFS 163.42, Wis.
- Expiration Date:
- Lead-free certificates do not expire.
- Lead-safe certificates list an expiration date after which the
property will no longer be certified lead-safe. To re-certify,
another lead-safe investigation would need to be conducted and a
new lead-safe certificate would need to be issued.
- Property Location: The address and specific building unit(s)
covered by the lead-safe certificate. (A certificate may cover only
a single unit and common areas in a multi-unit building.)
- Property Description: Lists all common areas included in the
certificate. Examples of areas include laundry rooms, hallways,
porches, garages or sheds.
- Property Owner or Designated Representative: A telephone number
and contact person, if listed, indicates where questions about the
property may be directed.
- Issuing Company: The DHS-certified lead company that conducted
the lead-free inspection or lead-safe investigation.
- Certificate Number: unique number assigned by DHS to the listed
Questionnaire Number: DHS assigns this unique number to identify the
qualifying questionnaire submitted by the DHS-certified lead company.
Immunity, Conditions and Restrictions
The lead-free or lead-safe certificate provides the property owner
and his employees and agents immunity from civil and criminal liability
for lead poisonings at the covered property. The immunity does not apply
if it is shown by clear and convincing evidence that one of the
following has occurred:
- The owner or his or her employee or agent obtained the certificate
- The owner or his or her employee or agent violated a condition of
- During renovation, remodeling, maintenance or repair after
receiving the certificate the owner or his or her employee or agent
created a lead-bearing paint hazard that was present in the dwelling
or unit of the dwelling at the time that the lead poisoning or lead
- The owner or his or her employee or agent failed to respond in a
timely manner to notification by a tenant, by the department or by a
local health department that a lead-bearing paint hazard might be
- A source of lead in the dwelling or unit of the dwelling other
than lead-bearing paint caused the lead poisoning or lead exposure.
property owner or a tenant living on the premises can find the current
status of a lead-free or lead-safe certificate on the Web by clicking HERE
or by calling 608-261-6876.
the Lead-Free/Lead-Safe Registry
the Lead-Safe/Lead-Free Registry
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Last Revised: February 24, 2011