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Hepatitis D virus (HDV) 

(delta hepatitis)

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Hepatitis D, also known as "delta hepatitis," is a serious liver disease caused by infection with the Hepatitis D virus (HDV), which is an RNA virus structurally unrelated to the Hepatitis A, B, or C viruses. Hepatitis D, which can be acute or chronic, is uncommon in the United States. HDV is an incomplete virus that requires the helper function of HBV to replicate and only occurs among people who are infected with the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). HDV is transmitted through percutaneous or mucosal contact with infectious blood and can be acquired either as a coinfection with HBV or as superinfection in persons with HBV infection. There is no vaccine for Hepatitis D, but it can be prevented in persons who are not already HBV-infected by Hepatitis B vaccination.

General information

Information for health professionals

  • This is a Wisconsin Disease Surveillance Category II disease: 
    Report to the patient's local public health department electronically, through the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail or fax using an Acute and Communicable Disease Case Report F44151 or by other means within 72-hours upon recognition of a case. DHS Communicable Disease Reporting

  • Wisconsin case reporting and public health follow-up guidelines: Hepatitis D EpiNet
  • Viral hepatitis case report form 
  • Hepatitis D overview  

Contacts

Stephanie Borchardt  
Wisconsin Division of Public Health 
Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response
(Phone 608-266-9923)  (Fax 608-267-9493)
  

Anna Kocharian 
Wisconsin Division of Public Health 
Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response
(Phone 608-266-8621)  (Fax 608-267-9493)

Last Revised: April 17, 2014