All counties, tribes, and state grantees that provide substance abuse prevention services through the use of Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant funds are required to use the Substance Abuse Prevention Services Information Services (SAP-SIS) to report fiscal, program, and user data. Data collected through SAP-SIS is used by the Wisconsin Department of Health Services to fulfill annual federal reporting requirements.
To use SAP-SIS, primary contract agencies must:
- Obtain a Web Access Management System Identification (WAMS ID) for SAP-SIS all users. Note: Users who have a WAMS ID and password may skip this step.
- Register the primary contract agency and its users with the Bureau of Prevention Treatment and Recovery (WORD) . Note: It may take up to five business days to process your request. You will receive an email confirming the receipt of your request. You also will receive an email when your request has been processed.
Universal, selective, and indicated prevention interventions
- Universal. Activities targeted to the general public or a whole population group that has not been identified on the basis of individual risk.
- Universal Direct. Interventions directly serve an identifiable group of participants but who have not been identified on the basis of individual risk (for example, school curriculum, after school program,parenting class). This also could include interventions involving interpersonal and ongoing/repeated contact (for example, coalitions).
- Universal Indirect. Interventions support population-based programs and environmental strategies (for example, establishing alcohol, tobacco, and other drug policies, modifying alcohol, tobacco, and other drug advertising practices). This also could include interventions involving programs and policies implemented by coalitions.
- Selective. Activities targeted to individuals or a subgroup of the population whose risk of developing a disorder is significantly higher than average.
- Indicated. Activities targeted to individuals in high-risk environments, identified as having minimal, but detectable signs or symptoms foreshadowing disorder, or having biological markers indicating predisposition for disorder but not yet meeting diagnostic levels.
Primary prevention strategies
This strategy provides knowledge and increases awareness of the nature and extent of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and addiction, as well as their effects on individuals, families, and communities. It also provides knowledge and increases awareness of available prevention and treatment programs and services. It is characterized by one-way communication from the source to the audience, with limited contact between the two. Examples of this strategy include:
- Clearinghouse/information resources centers
- Resource directories
- Media campaigns
- Radio and TV public service announcements
- Speaking engagements
- Health fairs and other health promotion, for example, conferences, meetings, seminars
- Information lines/hotlines
This strategy builds skills through structured learning processes. Critical life and social skills include decision making, peer resistance, coping with stress, problem solving, interpersonal communication, and systematic and judgmental abilities. There is more interaction between facilitators and participants than in the information strategy. Examples of this strategy include:
- Parenting and family management
- Ongoing classroom and/or small group sessions
- Peer leader/helper programs
- Education programs for youth groups
- Preschool alcohol, tobacco, and other drug prevention programs
This strategy provides participation in activities that exclude alcohol and other drugs. The purpose is to meet the needs filled by alcohol and other drugs with healthy activities, and to discourage the use of alcohol and drugs through these activities. Examples of this strategy include:
- Drug-free dances and parties
- Youth/adult leadership activities
- Community drop-in centers
- Community service activities
- Outward Bound
- Recreation activities
Problem identification and referral
This strategy aims at identification of those who have indulged in illegal/age-inappropriate use of tobacco or alcohol and those individuals who have indulged in the first use of illicit drugs in order to assess if their behavior can be reversed through education. It should be noted, however, that this strategy does not include any activity designed to determine if a person is in need of treatment. Examples of this strategy include:
- Employee assistance programs
- Student assistance programs
- Driving while under the influence/driving while intoxicated education programs
This strategy provides ongoing networking activities and technical assistance to community groups or agencies. It encompasses neighborhood-based, grassroots empowerment models using action planning and collaborative systems planning. Examples of this strategy include:
- Community and volunteer training, for example, neighborhood action training, impactor training,
- staff and officials training
- Systematic planning
- Multi-agency coordination and collaboration and coalition
- Community team-building
- Accessing services and funding
This strategy establishes or changes written and unwritten community standards, codes, and attitudes, thereby influencing alcohol and other drug use by the general population. Examples of this strategy include:
- Promoting the establishment or review of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use policies in schools.
- Providing guidance and technical assistance on monitoring enforcement governing availability and
- distribution of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
- Modifying alcohol and tobacco advertising practices.
- Creating product pricing strategies.
Acceptable prevention strategies
The following resources provide listings of prevention strategies that can be funded with Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant prevention dollars. Only primary substance use disorder prevention strategies found on these lists are acceptable for funding with the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant prevention dollars.
- SAMHSA Evidence-based Practices Resource Center
- Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Model Programs Guide
- Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence Inst. of Behavioral Science – Blueprints for Health Youth Development
- U.S. Dept. of Education – Safe, Disciplined and Drug-Free Expert Panel
- National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance – What Works Clearinghouse
- Promising Practices Network – Archive
Prevention strategies not found on one of these lists may not be funded with Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant prevention dollars without prior approval. Contact the Division of Care and Treatment Services to request approval of a prevention strategies not found on the lists above.
Unacceptable prevention strategies
The following programs are important components of a comprehensive community approach to reducing substance use, but they do not meet the requirements for Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant prevention dollars.
- Consumer recovery services
- Relapse prevention
- Inpatient and outpatient treatment
- Suicide prevention
- Domestic violence prevention
- Teen parenting case management
Alliance for Wisconsin Youth
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services encourages county and tribal behavioral health staff to participate in local coalitions focused on substance use disorder prevention. The Alliance for Wisconsin Youth is an organization of over 100 community coalitions covering all regions of the state. Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Grant prevention dollars may be used to cover the costs of staff time spent participating in coalition work or multi-agency collaborative groups focused on the prevention of substance use disorders.
Do you have a question or concern regarding access and use of SAP-SIS? Email the Division of Care and Treatment Services.