Viral Hepatitis Infection

"Hepatitis" means inflammation of the liver and also refers to a group of viral infections that affect the liver. The most common types are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.

Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. An estimated 4.4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis; most do not know they are infected. About 80,000 new infections occur each year.

Four Things You Should Know About Hepatitis

  1. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are all different diseases. Each type of hepatitis is caused by a different virus and spreads in different ways. Hepatitis A does not cause a long-term infection, although it can make people very sick. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C can become chronic, life-long infections and lead to serious health problems.

  2. Chronic hepatitis is a leading cause of liver cancer. Chronic hepatitis can cause serious damage to the liver, including liver damage, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer.

  3. Most people with chronic hepatitis do not know they are infected. More than 4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis in the United States, but most do not know they are infected. Many people live with chronic hepatitis for decades without symptoms or feeling sick.

  4. Getting tested could save your life. Lifesaving care and treatments are available for chronic hepatitis, but getting tested is the only way to know if you are infected. Take the Hepatitis Risk Assessment to see if you should be tested for viral hepatitis.

For more information regarding hepatitis, visit the following websites:

Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Hepatitis Risk Assessment
CDC Viral Hepatitis Homepage
Know More about Hepatitis

Hepatitis Fact Sheets from the Wisconsin Department of Health Services
Hepatitis A (PDF,  22 KB) - Hmong (PDF,  26.1 KB) - Spanish (PDF,  58.9 KB)
Hepatitis B (PDF,  26.3 KB) - Hmong (PDF,  74.5 KB) - Spanish (PDF,  116 KB)
Hepatitis C (PDF,  25.3 KB) - Hmong (PDF,  101 KB) - Spanish (PDF,  58.4 KB)

Wisconsin HIV/STD/Hepatitis C Information and Referral Center

Additional Info Group

Last Revised: February 22, 2016