Think kids won’t listen? Think again. Research shows that parents and other caring adults are the most powerful influence on children’s choices about underage drinking. That means you can make a real difference, especially if you start early. Don’t worry; it’s easier than you may think. We can show you how, with helpful suggestions for tackling tough questions and ideas for getting the conversations started.
What is a small talk?
Small talks are short, casual conversations that help you connect with your child on the important stuff, like underage drinking. Having lots of small talks over time helps build trust and set expectations as kids change and grow. Luckily, there’s no big production necessary. Just choose the alcohol-free moment that feels right to you. You can have a small talk anytime, anywhere.
What to say along the way
Every child is different, but understanding where most kids around your child’s age are in their development—and what they usually understand about alcohol—can help parents and caregivers start out their very earliest talks about underage drinking on the right foot. Not sure where to begin? Asking one or two simple questions, like the examples below, can get the conversation flowing.
Kids (Ages 5-7)
They’re curious about their bodies. Focus on the way alcohol affects a person’s motor skills, judgment, and behavior. Try asking:
- “When do you think someone is ready to try alcohol?”
- “Why do you think it's illegal for kids under the age of 21 to drink alcohol?”
Tweens (Ages 8-12)
Tweens are into their friends and unusual facts. Explain how underage drinking can put kids their age in danger, and practice how to deal with peer pressure. Spark conversation by asking:
- “Have you ever seen an adult drink too much? What did you think or feel?”
- “What could you say if you were offered a drink and you didn't want to look foolish?”
Teens (Ages 13-17)
They’re growing independent, so help them find good reasons to wait. Talk about the risks, their future, and making safe choices. Get them talking with:
- “What happens at parties you go to?”
- “Are you at all worried about becoming addicted to alcohol or drugs?”
Answering difficult questions
Small talks about alcohol are easy to start. But once the conversation gets going, you may face some tough questions. The good news? That’s a great sign. Questions mean your child is engaged and your talk is on the right track. Want to build your confidence? Take a look at the thorny questions and straightforward answers (suggested by real experts) below.
"Why do people get drunk?"
People who drink alcohol aren’t “bad.” That’s why it’s important be be compassionate when you explain why some people become intoxicated. Try saying:
“There are lots of reasons. Sometimes adults don’t mean to get drunk, but they aren’t careful when they’re drinking, and they have too much. Others get drunk because they think it’s the only way they can relax or have fun.”
The link between alcohol use and mental health is an important topic to discuss with kids, too. You could say:
“Some people are sad, lonely, or overwhelmed, and think getting drunk will help them forget about their problems. Unfortunately, it just gives them more problems and makes them feel sick. Another reason is that some people have a disease called alcohol use disorder that they need help treating.”
"If alcohol is bad, why do you drink?"
After explaining that drinking can be dangerous, it makes sense that your child would question why anyone would want to drink. It’s important to make the distinction that it is always harmful when children drink, but it is not always harmful for adults when they drink in moderation. You can explain the idea of moderation this way:
“One glass of wine or one beer with dinner can be a nice treat for a grownup, just like one piece of cake is for you. But I’m careful not to drink too much.”
You may also share the reasons why you drink–such as to enhance a meal or celebrate a special occasion–and talk about how you make sure to never drink, then drive.
"Did you drink when you were a kid?"
Don’t let your past stop you from talking to your child about underage drinking.
If you drank as a teenager, be honest. Acknowledge that it was risky. Make sure to emphasize that we now know even more about the risks to children who drink underage. Consider telling your children relatable stories about making smart decisions when it comes to alcohol. These could be stories that show the consequences of engaging in risky behavior.
If you didn’t use alcohol when you were growing up, talk about the reasons why you chose to grow up alcohol free. You could also tell them how you learned to handle outings where underage drinking took place.
"Why do you keep bringing up drinking? It is not like I'm doing it."
This question is a great opportunity to let children know you’re there to guide and support them. Try saying:
“I love you and it’s my job to help you stay healthy. Friends and other kids will try alcohol, so it’s natural for you to be curious about it. I’m here to answer any questions you have, and even brainstorm what you can say to your friends.”
Let kids know their choices—and well-being—matter to you by telling them:
“It’s important to me that you don’t drink. It’s bad for you in so many ways. I want to make sure you’re safe, so never hesitate to call me if you or one of your friends is in trouble. No questions asked. I will be there if you need me.”
"Why do I need to wait until I'm 21 to drink?"
Kids are always looking for adventure, so avoid saying things like, “You couldn’t handle it.” It could be interpreted as a challenge. Instead, start by sharing one of the several reasons why people under the age of 21 should not drink. It could inspire a longer conversation or future small talks. Consider saying:
- “Drinking before you’re 21 is against the law.”
- “Because your brain is still developing, drinking can change the way your brain works now and into the future.”
- “Your body is also still growing, so alcohol would have a much greater effect on your health.”
- “Young people who drink are more likely to become depressed or have anxiety.”
- “Kids who try alcohol before they turn 15 are four times more likely to develop alcoholism.”
- “Alcohol affects your ability to make good choices.”
What if I mess it up?
You can’t. Having a lot of talks (even do-overs) is the point. Every attempt shows kids you care and are paying attention.
How to help kids when they're on their own
You can't actually control your child when their out of your sight. But you can help them become a person who has good values and good judgment. You can’t always prevent your child from being offered alcohol, but you can help them be prepared if it occurs. Giving kids the tools to handle peer pressure is one of the most important things you can do to help them make healthy choices and stay alcohol-free.
Learning how to say no
Saying no is never easy, at any age. As a caregiver, it’s important to set clear boundaries so children understand your expectations for their behavior and can make positive choices. For young people, finding ways to navigate social situations and stay alcohol-free takes practice and support. The tips below can help you both.
Tips for setting boundaries
Taking these steps can help:
- Communicate your positions on alcohol and underage drinking. Don’t assume kids know what you expect of them.
- Set realistic rules about underage drinking, parties, and what kids should do around alcohol. Consider including your child in setting family rules with clear consequences.
- Be consistent. Don’t let a child off the hook for their first offense or end a consequence (like losing social, device, or car privileges) early.
- Ask questions before young people go out, like “Will an adult be there?” or “Do you think kids will be drinking?”
- Reward good behavior. Encourage kids to reach out when they need help and show your appreciation when they do.
Tips for helping kids say no
These tools and tips work:
- Pick a code word your child can text to you if they need a ride home or an excuse to leave a sticky situation.
- Before kids go out, practice a few “No, thanks!” responses to use in case they’re offered alcohol, like:
- “No, thanks! I’m the designated driver.”
- “Thanks, but I want to keep a clear head tonight.”
- “That’s okay, I don’t drink.”
- “No, thanks. I have a game tomorrow.”
- “Nothing for me. I don’t want to get kicked off the team.”
- “I can’t. I’m allergic to alcohol.”
- “No, thanks! I have to get up early tomorrow.”
- “Thanks, but I don’t feel well.”
- “No way. My parents would ground me forever if they found out – and they always do.”
Finding healthy alternatives
Taking risks is a normal part of growing up. When kids take healthy risks, they build confidence and learn more about themselves. But without these challenges, young people may find the excitement they’re looking for in dangerous activities like underage drinking. Help your teen find healthy ways to put themselves out there, like:
- Joining a sports team or club.
- Running for a student office at school.
- Learning to cook.
- Taking dancing lessons.
- Performing live music.
- Becoming a social activist.
- Rock climbing, snowboarding, or mountain bike.
- Trying out for school plays or community theater.
- Volunteering in their community.
- Creating a public art project.
Have a stress-free small talk. Our downloadable handouts offer practical, evidence-based advice to help you feel more prepared.
Download our talk tips
Have a successful small talk. Use these tips for caregivers on what to say or do during your first talk. Download the tip sheet. (PDF)
Download our question guide
Get ready for tough questions. Use this Q&A guide to give kids the simple, honest answers they need. Download the guide. (PDF)
Get tips from real Wisconsin talkers
Learn how caring adults worked through their stage fright, got prepared, and started having successful small talks about alcohol with the kids in their lives.