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Clostridium Perfringens

General Information

Clostridium perfringens is an anaerobic, spore forming bacteria that is widely distributed in the environment and frequently occurs in the intestines of humans and many domestic and wild animals.

Spores of this organism are found in soil, sediments, and areas subject to human or animal fecal (poo) pollution. 

Under certain conditions, such as when food is kept at an unsafe temperature (between 40°F–140°F), clostridium perfringens can grow and multiply. After someone swallows the bacteria, it can produce a toxin (poison) that causes diarrhea.

Information for Providers

Foodborne and Waterborne Disease – Outbreak investigation manual, P-44722 (PDF)

For testing information – Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, 800-862-1013

Questions about Clostridium perfringens? Contact us!
Phone: 608-267-9003 | Fax: 608-261-4976

Wisconsin Local Health DepartmentsRegional officesTribal agencies

Last revised September 21, 2021