Bacterial meningitis is a group of diseases characterized by infection of the meninges (the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord) caused by a bacterium other than Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Groups A or B Streptococcus, or Listeria monocytogenes.
Some examples of other organisms that can cause bacterial meningitis are: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella species.
Signs and symptoms of meningitis may include: sudden onset of fever, intense headache, stiff or rigid neck, photophobia (sensitivity to light), nausea or vomiting.
- Bacterial meningitis (Non-meningococcal, non-Haemophilus influenzae) EpiNet, P-01981 (PDF)
- Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene Clinical Testing Reference Manual