Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a serious illness most often caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and less commonly Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus) both of which can produce "toxins." TSS was first recognized in 1978 and was later associated with tampon use in adolescents and young menstruating women in the majority of those cases. TSS is now known to be associated with other risk factors such as surgical wounds and childbirth.

Additional Info Group

Last Revised: April 22, 2020