Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the corkscrew-shaped bacterium called Treponema pallidum. The number of syphilis cases in Wisconsin has been decreasing, yet syphilis prevention remains an important objective because of the serious consequences of untreated or inadequately treated syphilis and its role as a potential risk factor for HIV infection and transmission. Wisconsin is currently involved in the National Plan to Eliminate Syphilis.
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