Syphilis cases are rising in Wisconsin
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) issued a statewide memo to health care providers calling for increased awareness and testing for the sexually transmitted infection (STI) syphilis. Recently released 2022 surveillance data show a continued rise in cases in the state. Cases of syphilis increased 19% (1,608 to 1,916) from 2021 to 2022. Among those cases, congenital syphilis increased 81% (16 to 29) during this same time period. By comparison, Wisconsin had an average 0-2 congenital syphilis cases per year in the 2010’s.
Do you know how to identify antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea?
Providers and case investigators should assess for suspected treatment failure (STF) among their patients and use tests of cure (TOCs) to assess for persistent cases that may be resistant to treatment.
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Wisconsin has dual sexually transmitted diseases (STD) reporting laws, which means both laboratories and health care providers must submit a report.
Within 72 hours of identifying a case, laboratories should report the case to the patient's local public health department electronically, through the electronic laboratory report (ELR) via the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail, or fax using the Sexually Transmitted Disease Laboratory and Morbidity Epidemiologic Case Report, F-44243 or by other means.
Health care provider reporting
Within 72 hours of identifying a case, health care providers should report to the patient's local public health department electronically, through the electronic provider report (EPR) via the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail, or fax using the Sexually Transmitted Disease Laboratory and Morbidity Epidemiologic Case Report, F-44243 or by other means.
Places for STD testing and treatment in Wisconsin
There are many public clinics around the state, health care professionals can refer patients for STD testing and treat, as needed. Some of these locations offer expedited partner therapy (see below), as well. Have patients call the clinics before coming to find out their options.
2021 CDC STD treatment guidelines
This is the most recent version of the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) STD treatment guidelines.
These updated guidelines discuss:
- Alternative treatment regimens for Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- The role of Mycoplasma genitalium in urethritis/cervicitis and treatment-related implications (Note: M. genitalium now has an FDA cleared test)
- Diagnosis and treatment for syphilis as well as updated neurological manifestations
- Annual testing for hepatitis C in persons with HIV infection
- Updated recommendations for diagnostic evaluation of urethritis; and
- Retesting to detect repeat infection.
If the patient believes their sex partner is unable to be tested and treated, this alternative STD partner management strategy is called expedited partner therapy (EPT) and is recommended by the CDC to prevent reinfection when other management strategies are impractical or unsuccessful.
2009 Wis. Act 280 explicitly allows medical providers to prescribe, dispense or furnish medication for a patient’s partner if diagnosed with trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia trachomatis infection without a medical evaluation of the partner.
EPT patient information sheets
Please provide an EPT patient information sheet for each medication provided. According to 2009 Wis. Act 280, health care professionals must provide an information sheet to the patient receiving an EPT prescription and/or medication and request that the patient give the information sheet to the person with whom the patient had sexual contact.
- Chlamydia, P-00197 - separate sheets for treatment with doxycycline and azithromycin are available in English, Spanish, and Hmong
- Gonorrhea, P-00196 (PDF)
- Trichomoniasis, P-00198 (PDF)
EPT guidance for health care professionals and pharmacists
The following resources cover how EPT works, why it is important, and the legislation that protects health professionals providing EPT.
- EPT Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians and Pharmacists, P-03456 (PDF)
- Complete EPT Guidance for Health Care Professionals in Wisconsin, P-00253 (PDF)
- CDC EPT webpage with additional resources
What are Partner Services?
The primary purpose of Partner Services is to ensure the spread of STDs is contained by contacting the sexual partners of patients and ensuring those partners are tested and/or treated based on confidential conversations with the patient. Partner Services can also assist health care professionals a number of ways when dealing with the treatment and/or further testing of the patient.
The law requires certain STDs are reported to the local health department or to Division of Public Health (DPH). The law also requires DPH and local health departments to follow-up on STDs which are reportable. This may mean someone may contact both health care professionals and patients about the status of the patient.
Who can receive Partner Services?
Anyone who tests positive for a state reportable STD can receive Partner Services at no cost to them.
What services are provided by Partner Services staff to health care professionals?
Partner Services can provide a number of services which may be very necessary for the treatment and follow-up of a patient including:
- Provide health care professionals, who are taking care of the patient, information about previous testing and treatment. This can include if the patient was tested and/or treated for an STD outside of Wisconsin. This is especially helpful if a patient has a previous history of syphilis infection which is here in Wisconsin but not documented or outside of Wisconsin.
- Help contact difficult to locate patients about the need for additional testing and/or treatment.
What services are provided by Partner Services staff to patients?
Health department staff will contact patients and request to either meet in person or talk on the phone. Everything talked about is, by law, CONFIDENTIAL. The Partner Services staff:
- Helps with the needs of the patient including the need for more testing or treatment.
- Discusses what the STD is and how it affects the patient now and in the future.
- Comes up with a plan to contact partners of the patient. Note: when partners are contacted by the Partner Services staff, none of the information about the patient is discussed. It is as if the conversation with the patient never took place.
- Partner Services staff ensures that partners of the patient are also tested and/or treated correctly according to the latest STD treatment guidelines.
- Talk with the patient about risks and how the risks can possibly be reduced in the future.
How can I get more information about Partner Services?
Any health care professional can contact a Partner Services provider on this Wisconsin STD Program staff list.
Health care professionals interact with patients who have sexually transmitted diseases or need to get tested for sexually transmitted diseases. Helping patients understand how syphilis is spread, what are some of the signs and symptoms of syphilis, different testing and treatment options, and ways of preventing getting syphilis can be important to the health of the patients they are serving. Patients may need additional time to understand these diseases and fact sheets can help them achieve this.
For health care professionals
See the Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) section above for links to EPT-related information sheets.