Refer to the following definitions if your program or facility is required under Wisconsin statutes to report a death of a client/patient/resident. Report deaths to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS).
Wisconsin statute definitions
The following are definitions as they appear in applicable Wisconsin statutes.
"Physical restraint" includes all of the following:
- A locked room.
- A device or garment that interferes with an individual's freedom of movement and that the individual is unable to remove easily.
- Restraint by a treatment facility staff member of a person admitted or committed to the treatment facility by use of physical force.
"Psychotropic medication" means an antipsychotic, antidepressant, lithium carbonate or a tranquilizer.
The following defines facilities that are required to report deaths under Wisconsin statutes. For a full list of programs and services required to report deaths to DHS, refer to Client/Patient/Resident Death Determination, F-62470. On the first page, go to the "Provider Type" checklist, located under Section II of the form.
Adult day care center
"Adult Day Care Center" means an entity that provides services for part of a day in a group setting to adults who need an enriched health, supportive or social experience, and who may need assistance with activities of daily living, supervision, or protection. Refer to Wis. Admin. Code § DHS 105.14(1)(b)5.
Adult family home
"Adult Family Home" means a place where 3 or 4 adults who are not related to the operator reside and receive care, treatment or services that are above the level of room and board and that may include up to 7 hours per week of nursing care per resident. Refer to Wis. Stat. § 50.01(1)(b).
Community-based residential facility
"Community-based residential facility" means a place where 5 or more adults who are not related to the operator or administrator and who do not require care above intermediate level nursing care reside and receive care, treatment or services that are above the level of room and board but that include no more than 3 hours of nursing care per week per resident. Refer to Wis. Stat. § 50.01(1g).
"Nursing home" means a place where 5 or more persons who are not related to the operator or administrator reside, receive care or treatment and, because of their mental or physical condition, require access to 24-hour nursing services, including limited nursing care, intermediate level nursing care and skilled nursing services. Refer to Wis. Stat. § 50.01(3).
"Treatment facility" means any publicly or privately operated facility or unit thereof providing treatment of alcoholic, drug dependent, mentally ill or developmentally disabled persons, including but not limited to inpatient and outpatient treatment programs, community support programs and rehabilitation programs. Refer to Wis. Stat. § 51.01(19).
The following definitions may be helpful when reporting a death of a client/patient/resident.
The term "client/patient/resident," for the purpose of reporting a death, applies to the deceased person when any of the following occurred prior to his or her death:
- The person was formally admitted to the program or facility prior to his or her death.
- The person was court ordered to participate in the program or was protectively placed in a facility.
- The person had received services from the program/service provider.
The deceased person is no longer a "client/patient/resident," for the purpose of reporting their death, when any of the following occurred prior to death:
- The person was discharged from the program in accordance with an appropriate individualized discharge plan.
- The person had indicated his or her intent, in writing, to withdraw from the program.
- The person was discharged due to a violation of a specific condition detailed in the admission agreement. In these instances, the provider must have attempted to arrange for an alternate placement appropriate to the person's immediate needs.
- The person was discharged in accordance with statutory or regulatory requirements dealing with involuntary discharge.
- The person was discharged pursuant to a court order requiring an alternate placement; or
- The person may have been considered an active case by the provider but did not receive services from the provider during the past 60 days prior to his or her death.
Providers are expected to have made reasonable attempts (including written attempts, telephone contacts, and when appropriate, outreach efforts) to determine the client's location and his or her intent to withdraw from the program.
A "client/patient/resident" is considered to not have been discharged from a provider:
- If the person is transferred from one provider to another (e.g., a nursing home to a hospital) due to a sudden or temporary change in that person's condition.
- Unless the person was discharged as noted in the "Client/Patient/Resident Discharge" section above.
Client/patient/resident death after transfer
If a person dies after having been transferred to a provider (due to a sudden or temporary change in the person's condition), and there is cause to believe that the death was related to:
- The use of a restraint or seclusion by that facility.
- The use of one or more psychotropic medications.
- A suspected suicide.
Then the provider to which the person was transferred (other than a medical hospital) must report the death to DHS.
Both providers involved in the transfer may be included in DHS's investigation of the death.