Birth to 3 Program - Federal Indicators

Indicators are 11 essential elements (indicators) of early intervention (Birth to 3) that support implementation of high-quality Birth to 3 Programs. Each state is required to track and report annual results for each of the 14 indicators to the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP).

Indicator 1: Timely Services

Timely Services is a compliance indicator with a target of 100%. Wisconsin Birth to 3 defines timely service as a service beginning "within 30 days" of a parent's consent and added to the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP). This indicator refers to the percentage of children whose services are timely, not the percentage of services.

Indicator 2: Natural Environments

Indicator 2 documents Wisconsin's performance regarding the extent to which Birth to 3 services for eligible children are being provided in "natural environments."

Indicator 3: Child Outcomes

Child Outcomes is a statewide process documenting the percentage of infants and toddlers with IFSPs who demonstrate improved development during their time in the Wisconsin Birth to 3 Program. Child outcomes are collected at two points in time: 1) when children first enter the Wisconsin Birth to 3 Program and 2) when children exit the Wisconsin Birth to 3 Program. The outcomes focus on skills and abilities children use to be successful in everyday activities and routines including social relationships, use of knowledge and skills and taking action to meet needs. The 3 Child Outcome results are then summarized into the following two Summary Statements.

  • Summary Statement 1: Of those children who entered the program below age expectations in each outcome, the percent who substantially increased their rate of growth by the time they turned three years of age or exited the program.

  • Summary Statement 2: The percent of children who were functioning within age expectations in each outcome by the time they turned three years of age or exited the program.

Forms related to Child Outcomes:

Additional information on Child Outcomes:

Indicator 4: Family Outcomes

Indicator 4 measures the percent of families participating in Birth to 3 who report that early intervention services have helped the family:

  • Know their rights.

  • Effectively communicate their children's needs.

  • Help their children develop and learn.

Indicators 5 and 6: Child Find

Child Find is defined as the methods and procedures each county uses to identify infants and toddlers potentially eligible for the Birth to 3 Program. Activities may include public awareness activities, outreach programs, screening programs, and other collaborative efforts throughout the community.

  • Indicator 4: Tracks children eligible for Birth to 3 between the ages of 0 to 12 months of age.

  • Indicator 5: Tracks all children eligible for Birth to 3.

Additional information on Child Find: The National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center.

Indicator 7: Timely IFSPs

Indicator 7 is a compliance indicator with a target of 100%. Indicator 7 measures the percentage of Birth to 3 eligible infants and toddlers for whom an evaluation and assessment and an initial IFSP meeting were conducted within a 45-calendar day timeline. The 45 days begins the day in which the referral was received.

Indicator 8: Transition

Indicator 8 is a compliance indicator with a performance target of 100%. This indicator tracks the percent of all children exiting Birth to 3 who received timely transition planning to support the child's transition to preschool and other appropriate community services by their third birthday including:

  • IFSPs with transition steps and services.

  • Notification to LEA (local education agency), if potentially eligible for Part B.

  • Transition planning conference, if potentially eligible for Part B.

Indicator 9: Timely Completion of Findings of Noncompliance

Indicator 9 has a required target of 100%. It is used to determine whether the state's "general supervision system (including monitoring, complaints, hearings, etc.) identifies and corrects noncompliance as soon as possible but in no case later than one year from identification." This indicator is measured as the "Percent of noncompliance corrected within one year of identification."

Indicator 14: Timely and Accurate Data

Indicator 14 measures the timeliness and accuracy of state-reported data. The data source for this indicator is state selected and includes data from Wisconsin's Program Participation system (PPS) data system.

Last Revised: August 5, 2019