Disasters often strike with little or no warning. In an instant your home, community, and sense of well-being can be damaged, destroyed, and forever changed. Planning for and responding to your communities' and first responders' behavioral health needs after a natural disaster is a vital part of emergency response.
Previous exposure to large scale events, such as a severe flood, may place residents and responders who experience a new disaster at greater risk for adverse stress reactions.
SAMHSA's Disaster Distress Hotline
- TTY for deaf/hearing impaired: 1-800-846-8517 OR
text TalkWithUs to 66746
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Responding to an emergency situation can be both rewarding and taxing on individuals. First responders coming back from a prolonged deployment may face challenges adjusting to their normal routine. People may display symptoms and reactions such as:
- Emotional symptoms such as irritability or excessive sadness.
- Cognitive dysfunction such as difficulty making decisions or following directions.
- Physical symptoms such as headache, stomach pain, or difficulty breathing.
- Behavioral reactions such as consuming more alcohol or interpersonal conflict.
- Failure to adhere to needed physical or psychiatric medication needs.
Self-Care Pocket Reference Guide for Emergency Response Deployment P-01435 (PDF, 256 KB) - A guide for volunteer responders that includes pre- and post- deployment checklists and self-reflection activities. This resource was originally created for the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota Department of Health, and reprinted with their permission.
Stress, worry, and fear for your family and for yourself are common responses during and after a disaster or public health emergency. Pay attention as to how you and your family members are feeling. Children can have a more difficult time understanding what has happened after a disaster. It is important to talk to them after a disaster and help them process the emergency.
- Helping Families Deal With the Stress of Relocation After a Disaster - CDC
- Tips for Talking With and Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Disaster or Traumatic Event: A Guide for Parents, Caregivers, and Teachers - SAMHSA
- Taking Care of Your Behavioral Health: Tips for Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation During an Infectious Disease Outbreak. - SAMHSA