WISH Query: Infant Mortality Module (Data updated November 2023) You can use this module to analyze key statistics about Wisconsin infant deaths: the number of deaths, the overall infant mortality rate, and the neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates. Wisconsin infant deaths are those that occur to Wisconsin residents before the age of one.This revision adds 2021 birth and infant mortality data to the module.Follow the seven steps below to design a table that focuses on specific causes of death, maternal and infant characteristics, and/or aspects of prenatal and delivery care. You can select or compare data for specific counties, local health departments, cities, or Milwaukee ZIP codes. The data are from 1990 through 2021; you can choose one year, combine years, or compare groups of years.Definitions and notes on these measures are in Measures Used in Birth Modules.Step 1. Which measure do you wish to focus on?Measure Infant Mortality Rate (<365 days) Neonatal Mortality Rate (<28 days) Postneonatal Mortality Rate (28-364 days) Number of Infant DeathsNote: The mortality rate is the number of infant, neonatal, or postneonatal deaths in a year per 1,000 births in the same year.Step 2. Choose one or more geographic areasYou can ask for data for the entire state of Wisconsin or for smaller geographic areas. All locations refer to residence of:State: Click the "Wisconsin statewide" button (the default option).Region: Click the "Region" button. Then select one region, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select multiple regions (Region map).County: Click the "County" button. Then select one county, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select multiple counties.City: Click the "City" button. Then select one city name, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select multiple cities.Milwaukee: Click the "City of Milwaukee" button. Then click on one of the ZIP codes, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select multiple ZIP codes (More on Milwaukee zip codes).Local Health Department: Click the "Local Health Department" button. Then select one health department, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select multiple health departments (More on local health departments).Note: To see results for individual areas, first select the areas of interest here, then choose "Geographic Area" as a ROW or COLUMN variable in Step 4 or 5 below.Geographic Area Wisconsin statewide Region County City City of Milwaukee Zip Codes Local Health DepartmentsChoose one or more regions. AllSouthernSoutheasternNortheasternWesternNorthernMissing Choose one or more counties. AllADAMSASHLANDBARRONBAYFIELDBROWNBUFFALOBURNETTCALUMETCHIPPEWACLARKCOLUMBIACRAWFORDDANEDODGEDOORDOUGLASDUNNEAU CLAIREFLORENCEFOND DU LACFORESTGRANTGREENGREEN LAKEIOWAIRONJACKSONJEFFERSONJUNEAUKENOSHAKEWAUNEELA CROSSELAFAYETTELANGLADELINCOLNMANITOWOCMARATHONMARINETTEMARQUETTEMENOMINEEMILWAUKEEMONROEOCONTOONEIDAOUTAGAMIEOZAUKEEPEPINPIERCEPOLKPORTAGEPRICERACINERICHLANDROCKRUSKST. CROIXSAUKSAWYERSHAWANOSHEBOYGANTAYLORTREMPEALEAUVERNONVILASWALWORTHWASHBURNWASHINGTONWAUKESHAWAUPACAWAUSHARAWINNEBAGOWOODMISSING Choose one or more cities. AllAppletonBeloitBrookfieldCaledonia (V)De PereEau ClaireFitchburgFond du LacFranklinGrand Chute (T)Green BayGreenfieldJanesvilleKenoshaLa CrosseMadisonManitowocMenomonee Falls (V)Mequon/ThiensvilleMilwaukeeMount Pleasant (V)MuskegoNeenah/MenashaNew BerlinOak CreekOshkoshRacineSheboyganSouth MilwaukeeStevens PointSun PrairieSuperiorWatertownWaukeshaWausauWauwatosaWest AllisWest Bend Choose one or more zip codes. All532025320453205532065320753208532095321053211532125321353214532155321653218532195322053221532225322353224532255322753233Other Milwaukee ZIP CodesChoose one or more local health departments. AllAdams County Public Health DepartmentAppleton City Health DepartmentAshland County Health and Human Services DepartmentBarron County Health and Human Services DepartmentBayfield County Health DepartmentBrown County Health DepartmentBuffalo County Department of Health and Human ServicesBurnett County Department of Health and Human ServicesCentral Racine County Health DepartmentCalumet County Health DepartmentChippewa County Department of Public Health and Home CareClark County Health DepartmentColumbia County Division of HealthCrawford County Public HealthCudahy Health DepartmentPublic Health - Madison and Dane CountyDe Pere Department of Public HealthDodge County Human Services and Health DepartmentDoor County Health DepartmentDouglas County Department of Health and Human ServicesDunn County Health DepartmentEau Claire City/County Health DepartmentFlorence County Health DepartmentFond du Lac Health DepartmentForest County Health DepartmentFranklin Health DepartmentGrant County Health DepartmentGreen County Health DepartmentGreendale Health DepartmentGreenfield Health DepartmentGreen Lake County Department of Health and Human ServicesHales Corners Health DepartmentIowa County Health DepartmentIron County Health DepartmentJackson County Health and Human Services DepartmentJefferson County Health DepartmentJuneau County Health DepartmentKenosha County Division of HealthKewaunee County Health DepartmentLa Crosse County Health DepartmentLafayette County Health DepartmentLanglade County Health DepartmentLincoln County Health DepartmentManitowoc County Health DepartmentMarathon County Health DepartmentMarinette County Health DepartmentMarquette County Health DepartmentCity of Menasha Health DepartmentMilwaukee City Health DepartmentNorth Shore Health DepartmentMonroe County Health DepartmentOak Creek Health DepartmentOconto County Health DepartmentOneida County Health DepartmentOutagamie County Public Health DivisionOzaukee County Public Health DepartmentPepin County Health DepartmentPierce County Health DepartmentPolk County Health DepartmentPortage County Health and Human ServicesPrice County Department of Health and Social ServicesRacine City Health DepartmentRichland County Health and Human ServicesRock County Public Health DepartmentRusk County Department of Health and Human ServicesSauk County Public Health DepartmentSawyer County Department of Health and Human ServicesShawano-Menominee Counties Health DepartmentSheboygan County Human ServicesSouth Milwaukee Health DepartmentSaint Croix County Department of Health and Human ServicesSaint Francis Health DepartmentTaylor County Health DepartmentTrempealeau County Health DepartmentVernon County Health DepartmentVilas County Health DepartmentWalworth County Department of Health and Human ServicesWashburn County Health DepartmentWashington County Health DepartmentWatertown Department of Public HealthWaukesha County Department of Health and Human ServicesWaupaca County Human ServicesWaushara County Health DepartmentWauwatosa Health DepartmentWest Allis Health DepartmentWinnebago County Health DepartmentWood County Health DepartmentMissing/unknownStep 3. Choose one or more yearsYou can see data for the latest available year (2021). Or you can choose to see one or more single years, or one or more groups of years. If you are requesting data for an area or group with few annual births, it may be useful to combine years of data. WISH suppresses small numbers (cell size less than 5) to comply with Wisconsin vital records data privacy guidelines.One or more years: Click the "One or more years" button. Then select a year, or hold down the Control (Ctrl) key and select more than one year.Specify your own years: Click this button, then enter the years of interest, one per box or as a range.Note: To see results for a series of years (or a series of year groups), first select the years of interest here, then choose "Year(s)" as a ROW or COLUMN variable in Step 6 or 7 below.Years One or more years: All2021 2020 2019 2018 2017201620152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990 Step 4. Choose cause of death (optional)Caution: There was a change in the classification system for causes of death in 1999. If you are selecting cause of death for multiple years that include both ICD-10 (1999 and later) and ICD-9 (1989-1998) codes, read the Trend Analysis Caution and Comparability Ratios (PDF). Combining or comparing causes for years that include both ICD-10 and ICD-9 codes can result in misleading information. See codes for causes of infant death.Cause of DeathSelect Cause of Death ALLPerinatal: Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancyPerinatal: Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord, membranesPerinatal: Disorders related to short gestation and low birthweight, NECPerinatal: Respiratory distress of newbornPerinatal: Bacterial sepsis of newbornPerinatal: Other conditions originating in the perinatal periodCongenital malformations, deformations & chromosomal abnormalitiesSudden infant death syndromeAccidents (unintentional injuries)Assault (homicide)Other Step 5. Choose specific characteristics (optional)This limits your analysis to a specific subpopulation. (Example: Births to mothers 18-19 years of age, non-Hispanic white, who used tobacco during pregnancy.) Choose one or more characteristics to focus your analysis.Specific CharacteristicsMaternal Characteristics:Age All (default)Under 15 years15-17 years18-19 years20-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35-39 years40-44 years45+ yearsMissingEducation (7 categories) All8th Grade or LessSome High SchoolHigh School Graduate/GEDSome CollegeCollege GraduatePost GraduateMissingMarital Status AllMarriedNot MarriedMissingEducation (9 categories)* All8th Grade or Less9th-12th Grade-No DiplomaHigh School Graduate or GED CompletedSome College Credit-No DegreeAssociate DegreeBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeDoctorate or Professional DegreeMissingMother's Weight Gain/Loss AllLost WeightGained 0 lbs.Gained 1-10 lbs.Gained 11-20 lbs.Gained 21-30 lbs.Gained 31-40 lbs.Gained 41-50 lbs.Gained 51-60 lbs.Gained 61-99 lbs.Gained 100+ lbs.MissingBody Mass Index (BMI)* AllUnderweight (<18.50)Normal (18.50-24.99)Overweight (25.00-29.99)Obese (>=30.00)MissingInterval Since Last Delivery AllSecond or Later Birth in Plural DeliveryFirst Birth1-11 months12-17 months18-23 months24-35 months36-47 months48-59 months60-71 months72+ monthsMissingInter-Pregnancy Birth Interval AllFirst Born0-6 months7-11 months12-17 months18-23 months24-35 months36-59 months5+ yearsMissingNumber of Previous Pregnancies All012345 or moreMissingMother's Birthplace* AllU.S. BornForeign BornMissingTobacco Use During Pregnancy AllNoYesMissingMaternal Smoking* AllDidn't SmokeQuit Prior to PregnancyQuit First TrimesterQuit Second TrimesterSmoked Entire PregnancySmoked Intermittently Throughout PregnancyMissingMother Lives with Smoker* AllNoYesMissingRace/ Ethnicity AllWhite (Non-Hispanic)Black/African American (Non-Hispanic)American Indian/Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)HispanicLaotian or Hmong (Non-Hispanic)Other (Non-Hispanic)Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)MissingAND/ OR Infant Characteristics:Gestational Age Based on Obstetric Estimate All agesVery preterm (<32 weeks)Moderately preterm (32-35 weeks)Late preterm (36 weeks)Early term (37-38 weeks)Term (39-41 weeks)Post-term (42+ weeks)Missing/UnknownBirthweight (in grams) AllUnder 1000 grams1000 - 1499 grams1500 - 2499 grams2500 - 3999 grams4000+ gramsMissingSex AllMaleFemaleMissingSingle or Multiple Birth AllSingle BirthMultiple BirthMissingBirth Order AllFirst Born2nd3rd4th5th or higherMissingInfant Breastfed* AllNoYesMissingAND/ OR Health Care Characteristics:Adequacy of Prenatal CareTrimester Prenatal Care Began All1-3 months (first trimester)4-6 months (second trimester)7-9 months (third trimester)No prenatal careMissingDue to changes in the standard birth certificate starting in 2011, the measure for trimester prenatal care began is not comparable to the measure used in previous years. See definitions for more.Kessner Index AllAdequateIntermediateInadequateNo prenatal careMissingKotelchuck Index AllAdequateIntermediateInadequateNo prenatal careMissingNewborn Transferred To Another Hospital AllNoYesMissingBirth Facility AllHospitalResidenceOtherMissingType of Birth Attendant AllMedical DoctorDoctor of OsteopathyCertified Nurse MidwifeLicensed MidwifeOther MidwifeOtherMissingNICU Admission AllNoYesMissingDelivery Method AllVaginal birth after previous C-section (VBAC)Vaginal SpontaneousVaginal ForcepsVaginal VacuumPrimary C-SectionRepeat C-SectionC-Section (unknown if primary or repeat)OtherMissingMother Received WIC Food During Pregnancy* AllNoYesMissingPrincipal Source of Payment for this Delivery* AllMedicaid/BadgerCarePrivateSelf-payOtherMissingHepatitis B Vaccine Administered to Infant* AllNoYesMissingRow VariableStep 6. Choose a row variable Geographic Area Year of Death Cause of DeathMaternal Characteristics Age Education (7 categories) Education (9 categories)* Marital Status Race/Ethnicity Weight Gain/Loss During Pregnancy Number of Previous Pregnancies Interval Since Last Delivery Inter-Pregnancy Birth Interval Body Mass Index (BMI)* Mother's Birthplace* Tobacco Use During Pregnancy Maternal Smoking* Mother Lives with Smoker*Infant Characteristics Gestational Age Based on Obstetric Estimate Birthweight Sex Single or Multiple Birth Birth Order Infant Breastfed*Health Care CharacteristicsAdequacy of Prenatal Care Trimester Prenatal Care Began Kessner Index Kotelchuck Index Delivery Method Birth Attendant Birth Facility NICU Utilization Newborn Transferred To Another Hospital Mother Received WIC Food During Pregnancy* Principal Source of Payment for this Delivery* Hepatitis B Vaccine Administered to Infant*Column VariableStep 7. Choose a column variable (optional) None Geographic Area Year of Death Cause of DeathMaternal Characteristics Age Education (7 categories) Education (9 categories)* Marital Status Race/Ethnicity Weight Gain/Loss During Pregnancy Number of Previous Pregnancies Interval Since Last Delivery Inter-Pregnancy Birth Interval Body Mass Index (BMI)* Mother's Birthplace* Tobacco Use During Pregnancy Maternal Smoking* Mother Lives with Smoker*Infant Characteristics Gestational Age Based on Obstetric Estimate Birthweight Sex Single or Multiple Birth Birth Order Infant Breastfed*Health Care CharacteristicsAdequacy of Prenatal Care Trimester Prenatal Care Began Kessner Index Kotelchuck Index Delivery Method Birth Attendant Birth Facility NICU Utilization Newborn Transferred To Another Hospital Mother Received WIC Food During Pregnancy* Principal Source of Payment for this Delivery* Hepatitis B Vaccine Administered to Infant** Available for 2011 and more recent years only. 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