Study Guides - Lead Supervisor

The 100-item lead (Pb) supervisor exam covers the general topic areas a through j below. The specific knowledge areas listed under each topic are guides for your study activities in each topic. The course manual from your initial lead (Pb) courses (lead-safe renovator, worker, and supervisor) should provide the information needed to help you study for the exam.

(a) Background information on Lead

  • Examples of “lead-based paint hazards” and other common sources of lead in residential environments
  • Locations where lead hazards typically exist in residential environments

(b) Health Effects of Lead Exposure

  • How children are typically exposed to lead and health effects
  • Common routes of worker lead exposure
  • Health effects of lead to workers

(c) Information and Training

OSHA and other requirements for lead-abatement worker training

(d) Background Information on Federal, State, and Local Government Regulations and Guidance that Pertain to Lead-based Paint and Lead-based Paint Activities

  • RCRA (40 CFR 262) regulations and related information regarding waste disposal for lead-abatement projects
  • RCRA definitions of hazardous waste and testing procedures
  • “Competent person for health and safety” as defined by OSHA (29 CFR 1926.62) OSHA Respiratory Protection Standards (29 CFR 1910.134) for lead-abatement work
  • OSHA General Industry Standards (29 CFR 1910) relevant to lead abatement work
  • General requirements specified by the OSHA Lead in Construction Standards (29 CFR 1926.62)
  • Exposure monitoring and written compliance plan requirements in the OSHA Lead in Construction Standards (29 CFR 1926.62)
  • OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (HAZCOM) (29 CFR 1926.59) for lead abatement work
  • OSHA Action Level and Permissible Exposure Level for lead
  • Units of measurement used to express lead levels in air, soil, and dust
  • HUD and EPA post-abatement clearance standards for lead in dust
  • Purpose and focus of the HUD guidelines
  • Importance of checking that all worker certifications are current
  • Wisconsin DHS 163 certification requirements
  • Wisconsin DHS 163 definition of abatement.
  • Wisconsin DHS 163 definition of lead-based paint (LBP)
  • Wisconsin DHS 163 lead abatement activities notification requirements
  • Identify the state regulation that covers lead (Pb) training and certification
  • Wisconsin DHS 163 definition of interim control activity
  • Differences between lead abatement and lead-safe   renovation activities
  • Identify the State agency that regulates solid waste storage, transportation and disposal
  • Identify which certified personnel Wisconsin DHS 163 authorizes to perform clearance
  • Certified personnel Wisconsin DHS 163 requires to be at the abatement site at all times
  • Explain who owns the certification card
  • Identify the certified person who may conduct lead inspections and clearances
  • Identify the certified person who may conduct lead inspections, risk assessments, clearances, lead hazard screens and provide options to reduce specific lead hazards
  • Identify the certified personnel who may oversee or perform on-site lead abatement and HUD grant-funded lead hazard reduction activities, develop occupant protection plans and write abatement reports

(e) Personal Protective Equipment

  • Types of respirators and cartridges needed for residential lead abatement jobs and describe protection (fit) factors
  • Types of personal protective equipment needed during an abatement project [other than respirators]
  • Caring for and storing respirators properly
  • Worker respiratory fit checks and tests
  • Conditions that may affect worker respiratory fit tests
  • Conditions when various personal protective clothing and equipment are needed [other than respirators]

(f) Lead Hazard Reduction Methods

  • Recommended chemical paint removal methods
  • Recommended on-site mechanical paint removal methods
  • Recommended component removal, enclosure, and encapsulation methods
  • Materials and methods for enclosure
  • Materials and methods for encapsulation
  • Methods to abate and control lead in exterior dust
  • Methods used to abate and control lead in soil
  • Reasons for prohibition of open torch burning or heat guns operated above 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Examples of restricted and prohibited paint abatement methods
  • Building containments for interior abatement work
  • Building containments for exterior abatement work
  • Correct locations of lead warning signs
  • Correct wording of lead warning signs used to establish regulated areas Methods used for final cleaning procedures
  • Proper order for final cleaning
  • Locations for final cleaning
  • Painting and sealing of abated surfaces
  • Requirement and techniques for performing daily cleaning of all work areas and worker walkways
  • Examples of techniques and equipment used to abate interior dust
  • Interior dust abatement strategies for rooms and entire dwellings
  • Limitations of abating lead dust from severely contaminated carpets
  • Packaging and labeling of hazardous waste
  • Why encapsulation may fail
  • Dust sampling techniques and strategies for clearance sampling used by certified lead investigators

(g) Construction Terminology

  • Basic building and architectural components
  • Window troughs (wells) and interior windowsills (stools)

(h) Hazard Recognition and Control

  • Fire and electrical hazards and methods to prevent
  • Slip, trip, and fall hazards and methods to prevent
  • Heat-related health hazards and methods to prevent
  • Documenting worker baseline blood-lead levels
  • Calibration of personal air-sampling pumps before use
  • Personal air-sampling requirement to assess worker lead exposures
  • Examples of air-sampling strategies
  • Potential health hazards from chemicals used on the job and methods to prevent exposure
  • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) needed at the worksite
  • Methods to prevent workers from taking lead dust home
  • Importance of shutting down and sealing the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system
  • Decontamination of workers
  • Requirement for copies of the health and safety program to be present at the worksite
  • Decontamination procedures that must be discussed with workers during routine safety and health meetings
  • General work practice issues that should be discussed with workers during routine safety and health meetings
  • Importance of routinely checking that containment is secure
  • Determining need for mechanical ventilation of the containment area
  • General issues and responsibilities for worker health and safety
  • Why and when work areas must be isolated from residents
  • Why a site-specific health and safety program should be developed
  • Identify workers who need to be medically monitored
  • Frequency of medical monitoring of workers
  • When and how exposure monitoring results must be provided to workers
  • Medical monitoring limits
  • Equipment used to minimize worker lead exposure
  • Abatement methods that help minimize worker lead exposure
  • Proper areas for storing abatement waste material

(i) Project Management

  • Importance of reviewing the scope of work
  • Observations that should be made during the initial walk-through of an abatement or other work site
  • Determining the level of security needed at an abatement site
  • Leadership skills needed by a supervisor of a project, including: decision-making, motivating workers for safety, and getting cooperation from workers
  • Supervisor responsibilities for assigning tasks and orienting crew members
  • Supervisory skills:  identifying which workers are effective, monitoring work progress, identifying and correcting unsafe worker practices
  • Non-abatement tasks to assign crew members
  • Community relations plans
  • Types of contract specifications
  • Record-keeping practices and records requirements for abatement projects
  • Contents of an abatement report required by the EPA TSCA 402/404 regulations
  • Interpreting lead inspection and risk assessment reports
  • Reading blueprints
  • Supervisor responsibilities for determining and obtaining equipment and supplies
  • Creating and maintaining a project budget
  • Roles and responsibilities of all participants in an abatement project

(j)  Legal and Insurance Issues Relating to Abatement

  • Importance of a “third party” certified lead investigator to verify that painted surfaces were abated per the scope of work
  • Importance of a “third party” certified lead investigator performing the final visual inspection and clearance dust sampling
  • Liability issues involved with lead abatement and renovation work
  • Types of insurance and bonding applicable to lead abatement and renovation projects

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Last Revised: June 27, 2016